THE GENERAL INFORMATION ON THE BRITISH CAT BREED
representation of the majority of people of a cat
are fluffy graceful animals with extraordinary easy
and graceful movements. It will be more interesting
to that to get acquainted with cats other – the British
short-haired, present aristocrats among the
relatives in which shape gravity and solidity are
combined with validity and good nature. To draw in
the imagination an image of the typical short-haired
British, it is possible to close eyes and
to imagine the revived teddy bear with a smile of
the Cheshire cat from Lewis Carroll's fairy tale.
The British cats have the aggravated self-respect.
Despite the independent character, they always were
considered as fine partners for children and older
persons, however cats of this breed is better to get
to people who have enough forces, time and patience
to be engaged with the pupil and to give it enough
British short-haired – strong cats with a
sound health. This sign was, is fixed thanks to a
considerable quantity of a genetic material which
was used in the course of formation of this breed,
to its natural origin, and also careful selection
Kittens of British
are born large enough. Growing up, they become very
vigorous. The dung on the average consists of 4–5
kittens. Childbirth passes basically without problems.
Mothers show touching care of the kids and don't move
a step from them literally. Kittens open eyes approximately
at the age of 1 week.
Kittens very quickly become dense, but not
thick. Formation of the British short-haired
cats occurs in some stages. The best exhibition
form they reach at mature age. British very slowly
mature: grow till 4 years, and full blossoming reach
aged about 5 years. The British short-haired
cats perfectly look almost all life, and they live
till 18–20 years.
All British, irrespective of color,
in the sizes and a body structure should correspond
to the certain standard. In the sizes of separate
animals considerable distinctions are marked.
In a maturity the typical British short-haired
cat weighs 5–8 kg. Cats usually concede in
weight a little. They it is ready less heavy on all
parameters in comparison with cats, have much shorter
jaw. A maturity reaches at the age of 2–3 years.
STANDARDS OF THE BRITISH CAT BREED
British short-haired cat – a harmonious,
stocky, brawny animal with soft, roundish forms. A
breast wide, shoulders and a back massive, dense.
A back part of a body the wide. Feet rather short,
strong, extensive bone, with large, strong paws of
the rounded off form.
Forward extremities straight lines, have the same
length, as back. On them on 5 fingers, and on back
– on 4. A tail thick at the basis, rather short, slightly
cone-shaped, with the rounded off tip. Extremities
and a tail are proportional to a body.
Head roundish from different directions (a fullface
and in a profile), massive. The short and strong neck
is perfectly developed. A skull wide. Muzzle outlines
also roundish that strengthens sensation of power
and force of the British short-haired cat.
The chin expressed, massive, without folds also has
drooped-lostej, settles down flush with a nose and
an upper lip. Cheeks round, dense. A forehead also
the roundish form, with a small flat platform in the
top part. The forehead inclination is inadmissible.
Nose short, wide and direct. In a profile on border
with a forehead considerably small deepening. Ears
of the average size, wide in the basis, widely put,
tips slightly rounded off. The external surface of
ears is in regular intervals covered by wool. Ears
shouldn't deform the head form.
Eyes of cats big, round, widely placed. Their color
at the majority of color variations окраса British
should be copper. The exception is made by cats silvery
colors (tabbi, chinchillas) at which eyes izumrudno
- green or nut (golden), but at the same time meeting
among them smoky should have copper eyes.
At all golden British (tabbi and
chinchillas) eyes green. At white cats can be blue,
gold or different color of an eye. For kolor-points
the standard defines blue color of eyes.
Wool at British short-haired amazingly gentle, short,
dense, a thin structure, with the dense, slightly
shaken up underfur. Wool and an underfur should have
the identical length which is not exceeding 2,4 sm
because of what the British looks as if dressed in
a fur coat.
The gentle velvety fur is poured in sun beams that
gives to shape of an animal additional volume and
softness of outlines. Prominent feature of the British
is "double" wool not adjoining to a body
– a heritage of crossings c the Persian cats.
At animals monophonic colors all strands of wood from
roots to tips should be painted over in regular intervals.
Smokiness, in one-color окрасах, bicolor as lacks
The British short-haired is characterized
by variety colors. Their general quantity comes nearer
to 60. Among them are most extended one-color окрасы
– black, white, blue, cream, red, and also two-colored
– serebristo-blue, tabbi and others.
The British short-haired cats can be disqualified
at presence at them following signs:
• "medallions" and "buttons" in
• a long body;
• a weak chin;
• wrong color of eyes or a green bandlet in eyes at
• defects of a tail;
• long or fluffy wool, too long or light underfur;
• wrong number of fingers;
• wrong окрас a nose or small pillows of paws;
• a jaw curvature, rare teeth or their shortage.
Besides, animals with any signs of illness or operations
BREED HISTORY THE BRITISH SHORT-HAIRED
to a legend, the British cat has
been brought to England by the Roman conquerors more
2 millenia ago. Ancestors of the British cats wandered
on streets of English cities. Throughout long time
these animals existed as simple house cats while factory
owners haven't laid down for themselves the aim to
deduce primordially English breed. So, in the end
of XIX century the beginning was necessary to formation
of modern type British short-haired about what in
registration books of English club of fans of cats
corresponding record, dated has been made 1898.
Known English selector Garrisson Vejer, the founder
of movement of fans of cats has become interested
in deducing of the best copies of British.
It was the admirer of this breed about which wrote:
«the Usual domestic cat, able to survive in the difficult
circumstances. That it exists, – the best proof of
force and endurance of nature».
In 1870 Vejer has suggested suit exhibitions of cats
of various breeds, colors that owners could compare
the pupils to other individuals of the same breed.
Besides numerous visitors of exhibitions could admire
beauty of the best representatives of a sort of cats.
It is necessary to notice that initially breed was
called «British blue» as cats only
blue color have been deduced. After years there were
British cats and others colors.
To the beginning of XX century following classes of
the British cats have been defined:
one-color (black, white, blue), tabbi (brown, red,
silvery), smoky tabbi, tiger tabbi, smoky (black,
blue, black with white, white with black, tabbi with
white, tortoise and tortoise with white).
Everyone color has been allocated in a separate class
for which own standard is defined. But the general
type already corresponded to modern standards: a powerful
compact body, a large head, the big eyes, short and
very dense wool of an equal structure with the same
dense underfur. The sizes of animals were much less
today's: cats weighed 4–5,5 kg, and cats – 3–4 kg.
In the USA up to 1968 to breed of the British
short-haired cats continued to carry only
those animals which wool has been painted in blue
color. Only after on one of exhibitions the black
kitty brought from Great Britain has won, fans of
cats in America have learned that British happen as
well others colors.
is more detailed about stories of the British breed.
CHARACTER OF THE BRITISH CATS
British short-haired – the
combination of these words transfers force and endurance,
aristocraticness and endurance, softness and inflexibility
of character of animals. This breed as is impossible
corresponds to character of the Englishmen who have
entitled it more precisely.
British go to contact also are sociable,
friendly and tender. They perfectly get on with all
members of a family, and the mistress or the owner
love simply selflessly. The cat can follow them from
a room in a room while they will sit down and won't
allow it to be attached by a number.
Possessing an inexhaustible stock of patience, British
short-haired very much love children, well
get on with other animals, even with dogs. But nevertheless
as a children's toy of the British
it is not necessary to get.
Despite quivering display of love and tenderness to
the owners, this cat won't suffer too familiar relation
to. Owners of these surprising creations quite often
catch themselves on thought that to them it is not
enough to address by name, and it is necessary to
add «sir» or «please» as all kind these animals show
own importance. In relations with people British keep
independence which won't allow the person to become
definitively the owner, more likely on the contrary.
They do only that consider it necessary.
To characterize their relation to world around it
is possible so: British perfectly
concern only those people who love them, and get on
only with those animals who don't annoy them the intolerable
behavior. For many reasons of the British
it is possible to name an ideal cat:
the kind look, the most pleasant character, various
color, the solid kind, self-respect literally radiated
by an animal, simplicity in leaving and quiet temperament
– all these features of breed have provided to it
prompt launch of popularity.
Thanks to the independent character and wool not demanding
special leaving the British short-haired
are ideally suited for people who spend a lot of time
on work. Not casually these animals have received
the name «cats for the businessman».
>>> is more detailed about character
of the British cats.
Materials of the book of O.A.Puhovoj are used